The definition for SEN from the SEND Code of practice (2014) is:
Special Educational Needs:
A child or young person has special educational needs if he or she has a learning difficulty or disability which calls for special educational provision for him or her. – A learning difficulty or disability is a significantly greater difficulty in learning than the majority of others of the same age. – Special educational provision means educational or training provision that is additional to, or different from, that made generally for others of the same age in a mainstream setting in England.
There are four broad areas of need:
- Communication and interaction
- Cognition and Learning
- Social, mental and emotional health
- Sensory and physical impairment